Tamil Nadu Set to Enter Blockchain Space With E-Governance
The application programming used for giving different endorsements under this program will be fairly adjusted with the goal that documents issued will digitally hit the Makkal Number made by Tamil Nadu e-Governance Agency (TNeGA). The goal is to warrant that there is a corruption-free flow of data between the government departments and citizens.
TNeGA said, “A framework on Blockchain can stimulate the production of every Government Department/Agency to administer the authentication/report, as and when the resident gets qualified for it.”
According to TNeGA, Government Departments, Agencies can verify the authenticity of qualifications of e-governance and government services using the resident’s consent.
Experts have, for a long time, asserted that distributed ledger technology is a classic fit for such kind of public service record and information disbursal systems.
The Blockchain platform for Tamil Nadu will be offered as a support of all Government offices, without department keeping up a Blockchain node for verifying transactions as the case with typical proof of work blockchain systems. They will have the alternative to check their information in the Blockchain autonomously without running a node, states TNeGA.
Government organizations that don’t want the overhead of running the blockchain node can access the network through an API gateway. The network will incorporate a safe foundation comprising of blockchain cores, a business logic layer, and client API gateways.
Use Cases Of Blockchain In Tamil Nadu Governance
In the case of Tamil Nadu, blockchain addition will give mainly designed and perpetual sources of truth in independent confirmation of the trustworthiness and authenticity of any computerized data without reliance on the third party. We saw when third parties had been involved in government projects like the nation-wide Aadhaar enrolment; it had cause data to leak in some cases, without traceability of the source of leakage.
Government-to-government and government-to-citizen products and services will be realized on the blockchain framework, and will likewise be deployed to expand legacy IT infrastructure by furnishing a permanent hash-encoded distributed with zero down-time.
Plus, the government is planning to combine Blockchain with automated alerts. For instance, a framework on Blockchain, without human intervention, will prompt the product of every Government Department/Agency to give the testament/record as and when the resident gets qualified for it.
For instance, if a kid’s birth certificate is given, the framework at the government’s end will send verification data through an SMS in the sixth month of age of the baby. In the same way, when the kid turns 5, an SMS to the guardians is sent for registration of Aadhar Card.
Similarly, Makkal Number as of now made by TNeGA for seven crore individuals of Tamil Nadu will electronically arrive at a Citizen Vault to be prepared for every occupant of Tamil Nadu, and its use will be monitored on the blockchain network to prevent any misuse.
Makkal Number is the state resident’s data hub (SRDH)- a unified data repository with biometry (Aadhaar) that enabled citizens’ data from the National Population Registry to service all government departments.
Citizen documents and essential government-issued certificates for public records will electronically arrive at the Citizen Vaults, which will be made for every citizen of Tamil Nadu.
The residents would then be able to obtain documents in the vault through his/her phone number as a client ID and OTP as a secret phrase.
The blockchain network can likewise be used to update existing government data procedures and make new progressively dependable and secure work processes. It will be a single platform for developing blockchain applications for all divisions and public sector endeavors inside the state. These will be based on smart contracts designed on the open-source network- Linux Hyperledger.
The Indian state of Maharashtra has revealed plans to actualize Blockchain. This pursues different pilots with Blockchain in the state using the open-source Hyperledger. Use cases to be focused on incorporating the streamlining of farming and related activities, supply chain management, vehicle registration, and public record management.
Apart from Maharashtra, Telangana will house all significant Blockchain innovation organizations, a gigantic incubator program, and a world-class office for advancing exploration in distributed ledgers.
The government had reportedly announced that land would be allotted at subsidized rates to Blockchain companies by Telangana State Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Limited, as per the approach that tries to position Telangana as the Blockchain capital of the nation.
Almost half of the states in India have started blockchain activities to address various components of citizen service delivery services. While most undertakings are in the pilot phase, many state governments have adopted a favorable approach for blockchain startups and related service providers.